Friday, September 25, 2015

Pope Benedict XVI's 2008 Visit

Curious about how Pope Benedict's speech compares to Pope Francis' speech? Pope Benedict XVI did not get to address Congress, but he did make a lengthy speech at the White House.

During Pope Benedict's 2008 visit, he expressed concerns to President Bush over the Iraq War and immigration. He later went to the John Paul II Cultural Center to meet with 200 representatives of Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism to promote interfaith dialogue. During a Mass at Yankee Stadium, he said the Catholic Church respects the dignity of all human lives, "including the most defenseless of all human beings, the unborn child in the mother's womb." (A more explicit but less imperative statement than Pope Francis' "our responsibility to protect and defend human life at every stage of development.")

Pope Benedict's speech celebrates religious pluralism, and America's tradition of religious liberty, just like Pope Francis' speech. "In the next few days, I look forward to meeting not only with America’s Catholic community, but with other Christian communities and representatives of the many religious traditions present in this country." Pope Benedict called for care for the less fortunate. He alluded to "truth" and "morality," but did not condemn specific sins, such as homosexuality, abortion or divorce. He only mentioned "family" once, and that was in reference to "the human family." The speech never mentioned "Jesus" or "Christ," nor did Pope Benedict so much as hint that the Catholic Church possessed the truth in a way that other religions do not. It does cite the United Nations' "Universal Declaration of Human Rights," and urges "global solidarity."

When the Pope makes an official speech in connection with a government visit, it is not a revival meeting or a blistering condemnation of his hosts. Pope Benedict's speech is not really that much different than Pope Francis' speech, except for the wackiness about global warming. The Bear thinks it's a better speech but it does not meet the demands of the Bear's cherished commenters.

The Bear respectfully invites his readers to keep expectations reasonable by historical standards and accepted protocol.

We all know Pope Francis' limitations, his "provincialism," as commenter Pete put it well. We could all probably add more descriptors. Not to put too fine a point on it, but Pope Francis is 78 years old. If he is, in fact, an "emergency," that emergency is self-terminating. The Church will go on, we'll all stay in the jolly old boat, and, we won't allow any prelate to rob us of our peace.

Pope Benedict's speech is below, in case you want to read it for yourself. It makes for rather bland reading.

Pope Benedict's 2008 Speech at the White House

Thank you for your gracious words of welcome on behalf of the people of the United States of America. I deeply appreciate your invitation to visit this great country. My visit coincides with an important moment in the life of the Catholic community in America: the celebration of the two-hundredth anniversary of the elevation of the country’s first Diocese – Baltimore – to a metropolitan Archdiocese, and the establishment of the Sees of New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Louisville. Yet I am happy to be here as a guest of all Americans. I come as a friend, a preacher of the Gospel and one with great respect for this vast pluralistic society. America’s Catholics have made, and continue to make, an excellent contribution to the life of their country. As I begin my visit, I trust that my presence will be a source of renewal and hope for the Church in the United States, and strengthen the resolve of Catholics to contribute ever more responsibly to the life of this nation, of which they are proud to be citizens.

From the dawn of the Republic, America’s quest for freedom has been guided by the conviction that the principles governing political and social life are intimately linked to a moral order based on the dominion of God the Creator. The framers of this nation’s founding documents drew upon this conviction when they proclaimed the "self-evident truth" that all men are created equal and endowed with inalienable rights grounded in the laws of nature and of nature’s God. The course of American history demonstrates the difficulties, the struggles, and the great intellectual and moral resolve which were demanded to shape a society which faithfully embodied these noble principles. In that process, which forged the soul of the nation, religious beliefs were a constant inspiration and driving force, as for example in the struggle against slavery and in the civil rights movement. In our time too, particularly in moments of crisis, Americans contin In the next few days, I look forward to meeting not only with America’s Catholic community, but with other Christian communities and representatives of the many religious traditions present in this country.

Historically, not only Catholics, but all believers have found here the freedom to worship God in accordance with the dictates of their conscience, while at the same time being accepted as part of a commonwealth in which each individual and group can make its voice heard. As the nation faces the increasingly complex political and ethical issues of our time, I am confident that the American people will find in their religious beliefs a precious source of insight and an inspiration to pursue reasoned, responsible and respectful dialogue in the effort to build a more humane and free society.

Freedom is not only a gift, but also a summons to personal responsibility. Americans know this from experience – almost every town in this country has its monuments honoring those who sacrificed their lives in defense of freedom, both at home and abroad. The preservation of freedom calls for the cultivation of virtue, self-discipline, sacrifice for the common good and a sense of responsibility towards the less fortunate. It also demands the courage to engage in civic life and to bring one’s deepest beliefs and values to reasoned public debate. In a word, freedom is ever new. It is a challenge held out to each generation, and it must constantly be won over for the cause of good (cf. Spe Salvi, 24).

Few have understood this as clearly as the late Pope John Paul II. In reflecting on the spiritual victory of freedom over totalitarianism in his native Poland and in eastern Europe, he reminded us that history shows, time and again, that "in a world without truth, freedom loses its foundation", and a democracy without values can lose its very soul (cf. Centesimus Annus, 46). Those prophetic words in some sense echo the conviction of President Washington, expressed in his Farewell Address, that religion and morality represent "indispensable supports" of political prosperity. The Church, for her part, wishes to contribute to building a world ever more worthy of the human person, created in the image and likeness of God (cf. Gen 1:26-27). She is convinced that faith sheds new light on all things, and that the Gospel reveals the noble vocation and sublime destiny of every man and woman (cf. Gaudium et Spes, 10). Faith also gives us the strength to respond to our high calling, and the hope that inspires us to work for an ever more just and fraternal society. Democracy can only flourish, as your founding fathers realized, when political leaders and those whom they represent are guided by truth and bring the wisdom born of firm moral principle to decisions affecting the life and future of the nation.

For well over a century, the United States of America has played an important role in the international community. On Friday, God willing, I will have the honor of addressing the United Nations Organization, where I hope to encourage the efforts under way to make that institution an ever more effective voice for the legitimate aspirations of all the world’s peoples.

On this, the sixtieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the need for global solidarity is as urgent as ever, if all people are to live in a way worthy of their dignity – as brothers and sisters dwelling in the same house and around that table which God’s bounty has set for all his children. America has traditionally shown herself generous in meeting immediate human needs, fostering development and offering relief to the victims of natural catastrophes. I am confident that this concern for the greater human family will continue to find expression in support for the patient efforts of international diplomacy to resolve conflicts and promote progress. In this way, coming generations will be able to live in a world where truth, freedom and justice can flourish – a world where the God-given dignity and rights of every man, woman and child are cherished, protected and effectively advanced.

Mr. President, dear friends: as I begin my visit to the United States, I express once more my gratitude for your invitation.


  1. I would say that things have ramped up remarkably in the past three years--sodomite marriage the law of the land, Planned Parenthood dissecting live children, and ISIS on the march. The Church, too, is hemorrhaging members. I guess the further we descend into depravity, we get the popes we deserve. You've said it yourself, Bear, that perhaps only a heavenly intervention (of a world shaking magnitude?) will get us back on track.

  2. The reason Pope Benedict often gets the benefit of the doubt, where Pope Francis does not is because we know exactly where where Pope Benedict stood on the various issues. Pope Francis for his part has been been mostly ambiguous, save a few points. I also agree with the previous, that things are turned up now in a way that they were not before.

  3. Agreed. Not mentioning Jesus is a proxy for people's general concerns about this pontificate. To the extent that Benedict and John Paul II didn't mention Jesus either, well, shame on them, I guess. But those two popes were openly Christocentric in a way that Francis clearly isn't; Benedict memorably wrote three books under the title Jesus of Nazareth for example.

    But when our current Holy father invokes Our Lord, it often feels like he's dragging him in as a stage prop to lend credibility to one of his very anthropocentric preoccupations: condemning proselytism, for instance, or turning the feeding of the five thousand into a social-justice morality play, or using the Father's solicitude for sparrows to make a point about environmentalism. People would like him to sound like a Catholic once in a while, hence their disappointment that all we ever get is more of the same.


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